Adjective Comparative Superlative

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Adjective Comparative Superlative

Mesaj  Admin Bir Paz Mart 29, 2009 1:00 pm

Irregular Forms [ mp3 - 606 KB ]

Adjective Comparative Superlative
bon good meilleur/e better le/la meilleur/e best
mauvais bad pire worse le/la pire worst
petit small moindre less le/la moindre least
Adverb Comparative Superlative
bien well mieux better le mieux best
beaucoup much plus more le plus most
mal badly pis worse le pis worst
peu little moins less le moins least
49. Clothing / Les vêtements [ mp3 - 1.88 MB ]
pajamas le pyjama pee-zhah-mah boxer shorts le caleçon kahl-sohn
jewelry le bijou bee-zhoo briefs le slip sleep
necklace le collier kohl-eeay panties la culotte kuh-loht
jeans le jean zheen tuxedo le smoking smoh-keeng
pants le pantalon pahn-tah-lohn bowtie le nœud papillon nuh pah-pee-yohn
sweater le pull puhl vest/cardigan le gilet zhee-leh
turtleneck le col roulé kol roo-lay flip flops les tongs tohn
raincoat l'imperméable (m) lahn-pehr-me-ah-bluh sleeve la manche mahnsh
blouse le chemisier shu-meez-eeay pocket la poche pohsh
bra le soutien-gorge soot-ee-ahn-gorzh decorative scarf la foulard foo-lahr
slip le jupon zhoo-pohn man's suit le costume kohs-toom
coat le manteau mawn-toe woman's suit le tailleur ty-er
tennis shoes des tennis (m) tenn-ees slippers des pantoufles pahn-toof-luh
swimsuit le maillot de bain may-oh-duh-bahn jacket le blouson bloo-sohn
shorts le short short underwear les sous-vêtements soo-vet-mawn
bracelet le bracelet brahs-lay gloves les gants (f) gawn
charm le porte-bonheur port-bohn-ur mittens les moufles (f) moof
t-shirt le tee-shirt tee-shirt belt la ceinture sahn-tewr
hat le chapeau shah-poh cap la casquette kahs-keht
ring la bague bahg skirt la jupe zhoop
chain la chaînette shen-ett dress la robe robe
earrings les boucles d'oreilles (f) book-luh dor-ay sandal la sandale sahn-dal
pin l'épingle (f) ay-pahn-gluh boots des bottes (f) bawt
sock la chaussette show-zett blazer/coat la veste vest
shoe la chaussure show-zewr scarf l'écharpe (f) ay-sharp
man's shirt la chemise shu-meez tie la cravate krah-vaht
hooded jacket l'anorak lah-noh-rahk slipper shoes des chaussons shoh-sohn
sneakers des baskets bahs-keht high heels des escarpins eh-skahr-pahn
track suit le jogging jaw-geeng long shorts le bermuda behr-mew-dah
size (clothes) la taille tah-ee size (shoes) la pointure pwahn-tewr

Les bas (stockings) and les collants (tights) are popular in France. Chaussures à talons hauts are high-heeled shoes, while chaussures à talons plats are flat shoes. Chaussures de ville are dress shoes. A slang word for clothes is les fringues

50. To Wear [ mp3 - 846 KB ]
Mettre - to put, to put on, wear (meh-truh) Present Imperfect Future
mets meh mettons met-tohn mettais meh-teh mettions meh-tee-ohn mettrai meh-tray mettrons meh-trohn
mets meh mettez met-tay mettais meh-teh mettiez meh-tee-ay mettras meh-trah mettrez meh-tray
met meh mettent mett mettait meh-teh mettaient meh-teh mettra meh-trah mettront meh-trohn
Other verbs that are conjugated like mettre: promettre - to promise and permettre - to permit. The past participle of mettre is mis and it is conjugated with avoir.
Porter is actually the verb to wear, but the French use mettre also. Il / Elle te va bien. It looks good on you. (informal)
Il / Elle vous va bien. It looks good on you. (formal)
Ils / Elles te vont bien. They look good on you. (informal)
Ils / Elles vous vont bien. They look good on you. (formal)
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51. Future Tenses: Simple and Anterior [ mp3 - 2.08 MB ]

The futur simple expresses an action that will take place [will + infinitive]. The futur antérieur expresses an action that will have taken place before another future action [will have + past participle]. The future tense is used just like it is in English, however, in French, the future is always used after quand or lorsque (when), dès que or aussitôt que (as soon as) and tant que (as long as.)

To form the future tense, use the infinitive and add these endings that resemble those of avoir. However, you drop the -e from -re verbs.
-ai -ons
-as -ez
-a -ont

parler choisir perdre
parlerai parlerons choisirai choisirons perdrai perdrons
parleras parlerez choisiras choisirez perdras perdrez
parlera parleront choisira choisiront perdra perdront

And of course, there are exceptions. Here are the irregular stems for the future tense (these will also be used in the conditional tense):

54. Forming Plurals: Adjectives [ mp3 - 411 KB ]
To form the feminine plural, just add an -s, unless it already ends in an s, then add nothing. To form the masculine plural, just add an -s, except in these cases: -al becomes -aux (exceptions: banal - banals; final - finals); ; and if it ends in an x or s already, add nothing. Masculine Singular Masculine Plural
national national nationaux
general général généraux
Feminine Singular Feminine Plural
national nationale nationales
general générale générales
And of course there are more exceptions... some adjectives are invariable and do not have feminine or plural forms. Compound adjectives, such as bleu clair (light blue) and vert foncé (dark green), adjectives that are also nouns, such as or (gold), argent (silver), marron (chestnut), and the words chic (stylish), bon marché or meilleur marché (inexpensive) never change.
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55. More Adjectives [ mp3 - 2.59 MB ]
short (length) court/e different différent/e boring ennuyeux/euse
loud, noisy bruyant/e situated situé/e crazy fou/folle
elegant élégant/e big gros/se interesting intéressant/e
tight, narrow étroit/e curious curieux/euse sensitive sensible
several plusieurs/plusieures nervous nerveux/euse athletic sportif/sportive
pointed pointu/e only seul/e stubborn têtu/e
bright vif/vive amusing amusant/e shy timide
cute mignon/ne touching émouvant/e hard-working travailleur/euse
perfect parfait/e funny drôle, marrant/e optimistic optimiste
ready prêt/e heavy lourd/e pessimistic pessimiste
sad triste careful prudent/e tolerant tolérant/e
clever malin/maligne dirty sale pretentious prétentieux/euse
lazy paresseux/euse tired fatigué/e ambitious ambitieux/se
generous généreux/euse angry fâché/e pleasant agréable
famous célèbre annoyed irrité/e enthusiastic enthousiaste
decorated décoré/e old âgé/e honest honnête

Note: Remember the first word is the masculine and the second is the feminine. The addition of an e for the feminine form allows the last consonant to be voiced. These adjectives go after the noun.

Normally, the verb rendre means to give something that you owe to someone, such as On rend ses devoirs au professeur. It can also be used in the sense of to represent. But rendre + adjective means to make someone or something + adjective.

Tu me rends si heureuse ! You make me so happy!
Le fait qu'il ne possède pas de voiture le rend triste. The fact that he doesn't have a car makes him sad.

Some common slang adjectives that are used constantly in everyday speech: chouette great, good minable mediocre
con / conne stupid, dumb moche ugly, unpleasant
débile idiotic sensass sensational
dégueu(lasse) disgusting, bad super marvellous
extra extraordinary sympa nice, pleasant
génial very interesting tarte inane
impec perfect tocard ridiculous, deplorable

The intensifiers vachement and drôlement are also used often, meaning very or really.
Il est vachement sympa. = He is really nice.
Elle est drôlement triste. = She is very sad.
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56. Problem Verbs [ mp3 - 927 KB ]

Some verbs in French present problems because they have several translations in English. Other verbs can have several translations in French, but fewer meanings in English.

visiter - to visit places
rendre visite à - to visit people

apporter - to bring things to some place
emporter - to take things from some place
amener - to bring someone to some place
emmener - to take someone from some place

apprendre quelque chose - to learn something
apprendre quelque chose à quelqu'un - to teach someone something

rencontrer - to meet
faire la connaissance de - to meet someone for the first time
retrouver - to meet (for an appointment)

partir - to leave (from or for a place)
quitter - to leave (a person or place)
sortir - to go out
s'en aller - to go away
laisser - to leave something behind

retourner - to go back (to where speaker is not)
revenir - to come back (to where speaker currently is)
rentrer - to come or go home
rendre - to return or give something back

faire - to make
fabriquer - to produce
obliger - to make someone do something
rendre - to make someone + adjective


After some verbs, the word ne is required, but this does not imply negation: craindre, redoûter, empêcher
Je crains qu'il ne fasse trop froid. I'm afraid that it's too cold.

And a few verbs only require ne and not pas in the negative, but this is elevated or literary language: cesser, oser, pouvoir, savoir
Je ne peux vivre sans toi. I cannot live without you.
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57. C'est/Il est + Adjective + à/de + Infinitive [ mp3 - 838 KB ]

C'est + adjective + à + infinitive is used when the idea has already been mentioned; while il est + adjective + de + infinitive is used when the idea has not yet been mentioned. Also, the c'est construction is used when you do not use a direct object after the infinitive of the transitive verb, and the il est construction is used when you do.

Est-ce qu'on peut apprendre le chinois en un an ? Can you learn Chinese in one year?
Non, c'est impossible à apprendre en un an ! No, it's impossible to learn in one year! (The idea, Chinese, has already been mentioned, and there is no direct object.)
OR:
Non, il est impossible d'apprendre le chinois en un an ! (This sentence contains the direct object after the infinitive.)

Il est facile d'apprendre l'italien. It is easy to learn Italian. (The idea has not already been mentioned, and the direct object is used.)

Adjectives that express a certain emotion require de before the infinitive: content, désolé, furieux, heureux, triste
Je suis contente de vous voir. I am happy to see you.

Other adjectives require à before the infinitive: agréable, pénible, terrible, amusant, intéressant, ennuyeux, léger, lourd, lent, rapide, premier, dernier, prêt, seul
Il est prêt à partir. He is ready to leave.
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